In light of the global situation related to the spread of COVID-19, Kambourov & Partners is taking the necessary steps to protect the health and safety of its team, clients and partners, including by encouraging remote work.
While closely monitoring the constantly developing situation, we remain fully available and will be sharing the latest updates, as well as useful advice to help you navigate the various emerging challenges. Follow our LinkedIn page so you never miss any of our publications and expert analyses. You can also subscribe to our newsletter.
The European Commission has introduced measures that enable Member States to relieve of or reduce VAT for EU hospitals, medical practitioners and individuals when purchasing COVID-19 vaccines and testing kits. Council Directive (EU) 2020/2020 of 7 December 2020 amending Directive 2006/112/EC (the Directive) allows Member States to apply a reduced VAT rate to the supply of COVID-19 in vitro diagnostic medical devices and services. Click here to read the details.
On 10 February 2021, the European Commission issued a statement embracing the European Parliament’s confirmation of the political agreement reached on the Recovery and Resilience Facility Regulation. This announcement comes to demonstrate the outcome of the EU’s efforts to support reforms and investments amid the COVID-19 pandemic making €672.5 billion available for loans and grants to EU Member States. Click here to read the details.
On January 21, 2021, the OECD released a revisited version of its Guidance published in April 2020 to provide more certainty to taxpayers. The updated Guidance applies to situations arising during the COVID-19 pandemic and is meant to be only temporary. It covers the following issues: (1) the creation of permanent establishments (PE), (2) construction site PEs, (3) concerns related to change of residence, (4) concerns related to income from employment. Click here to read the details.
In Bulgaria, COVID-19 acted as a natural catalyst for the digitalisation of the public sector. Plenty of Bulgarian laws and regulations have been adopted or amended to allow the remote use of public sector services. We have outlined some of the important practical implications of this latest push towards e-government and e-justice. Click here to read the details.
The Guidance represents the consensus view of the 137 members of the Inclusive Framework on BEPS regarding the application of the arm’s length principle and the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The work carried out by the Inclusive Framework in the form of the said guidance supports both taxpayers who have reporting obligations for periods affected by the pandemic, and tax administrations when assessing taxpayer’s implementations of TP policies. Click here to read the details.
The Bulgarian public healthcare system makes no exception and has found itself in need of urgent adjustments in order to respond to the immediate demands and needs caused by the pandemic. Bringing public healthcare services to the online space has been a long-awaited process, but this month marked a positive step in the right direction thanks to the adoption of electronic medical referrals. In this way, doctors will be able to remotely issue medical referrals for PCR tests in the presence of 2 out of 11 COVID-19 symptoms. Click here to read the details.
Employment relations have been heavily affected by the coronavirus pandemic and continue to be an omnipresent topic of discussion and legislative amendments in countries all over the world. Andrey Alexandrov addressed some pending questions related to the rights and obligations of employers and employees in the context of the pandemic. Click here to read the details.
The COVID-19 pandemic has heavily impacted employment relations around the globe, posing a number of doubts, challenges and issues to both employers and employees. We analysed the legal implications of COVID-19 testing in the workplace and addressed some pending questions. Click here to read the details.
What is the legal status of the general meetings of shareholders and stakeholders in the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic legal status of the general meetings of shareholders in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated restrictions on movement, which continue to this day. Attention is drawn to limited liability companies and joint-stock companies as the most common commercial form of partnership. Click here to read the details.
What are the steps and procedures to be undertaken? Can the company/organisation continue its activity? Is it mandatory to test all employees of the company and to quarantine the contact people? Click here to read the details.
On 27 May 2020, the European Commission (the “ Commission”) proposed an extensive recovery plan, which aims to reactivate the EU economy and remedy economic and social damage, caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Click here to read the details.
The COVID-19 pandemic has posed serious difficulties for a huge number of businesses. To address this extraordinary challenge, countries around the world have introduced various stabilisation and economic support measures. Click to read an overview of the leading continental legal systems.
Remote work has been one of the most discussed topics in the past months. Many businesses found themselves challenged to continue operations in a new, almost entirely virtual reality. Video conferencing has been an integral part of this process, with the respective apps and platforms being on the rise. They offer an easy way of organising online events, video and audio conferencing, distance education and others, in this way sparing physical contact and respectively – the spread of COVID-19. However, along with the perks, video conferencing platforms raise potential confidentiality, security and other legal and regulatory issues.
The COVID-19 pandemic has severely affected numerous sectors and posed a number of unprecedented challenges to businesses, both from a practical and from a legal standpoint. This entailed the introduction of various measures in order to limit the negative impact on the economy and to protect the trade turnover. Among these measures is the extension of the deadlines for filing annual financial statements of companies, non-profit legal entities and other enterprises, as well as the deadlines for reporting the absence of operations. Click to read the details.
In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, which significantly disturbed economic processes around the world, many businesses had to accelerate the digitalisation process and focus on the remote provision of their services. This trend affected the private sector, but also public institutions, which have been holding off on online services for years. In this context, we have summarised the main legal aspects of domain names, their scope, possible violations and other key points to consider when building an online business. Click to read more.
With so many different aspects and risk factors to consider, going back to work can be a tough task for both employers and employees. We have put together a back-to-work checklist with some of the main points to keep in mind when adapting workplaces to the current situation and the respective health and safety requirements.
Ivo Alexandrov and Mario Arabistanov summarised some of the population monitoring actions, undertaken around the world and addressed key questions related to certain provisions of the Bulgarian Electronic Communications Act. Find out more about what data traffic is, who might be able to access it and what are the current conditions for obtaining such data in Ivo and Mario’s article.
A group of scientists, lawyers, entrepreneurs and individuals have initiated the creation of a worldwide movement to support the fight against COVID-19 by making intellectual property rights available free of charge. Get to know more about the Open COVID Pledge and how it overcomes constraints related to IP rights in the current global pandemic here.
Kambourov & Partners partnered with INSOL International and the World Bank in the preparation of a Global Guide on the Measures adopted to support distressed businesses through the COVID-19 crisis. Check out the Guide's interactive world map and click to see country-specific measures.
Imagine a business, for instance, a multinational group, having employees from all over the world operating normally prior to the pandemic. However, one day governments adopt emergency measures, leaving some of these employees, for one reason or another, stranded in different locations. What would be the tax consequences for the enterprise? Would the employees become tax residents in a different country? Find the answers here.
The Amending and Supplementing Act of the Bulgarian State of Emergency Measures Act, adopted on 06.04.2020, was promulgated in the State Gazette, No. 34, dated 09.04.2020. An overview of the main points is available here.
On 10 April 2020, Bulgarian National Bank (‘BNB’) issued a press release that its Governing Board has affirmed the draft Rules for deferral and arrangement of liabilities due to banks and their subsidiaries – financial institutions, in relation to the state of emergency adopted by the National Assembly on 13 March 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Check out an overview of the Rules here.
What are the conditions, which businesses can benefit from, what is the procedure?
On 24.03.2020, the State of Emergency Measures Act (SEMA, the Act) was published in the Bulgarian State Gazette. The Act enters into force retroactively as of 13.03.2020, with the exception of certain provisions, which will come into force as of the date of its promulgation. An overview of the main points is available here.
On 19 March 2020, the European Commission adopted a Temporary Framework for State aid measures to support the economy in the current COVID-19 outbreak in response to the severe public health emergency for citizens and societies.
On March 18, the National Assembly adopted at first reading the Emergency Measures Draft Law. It reproduces much of the already known anti-epidemic measures from the Minister of Health's Order, which imposed the first restrictions on social life. The draft law provides for some amendments to the Labour Code, in particular to the conditions and procedures for using paid and unpaid leave, in order to overcome problems in the arrangements for home offices and remote work. See an overview of the main points here.
Does the coronavirus outbreak and the declared “state of emergency” amount to a force majeure event? What are the options for financial support for businesses in response to mitigate the socio-economic impact and force majeure in loan documents? See a brief guide on these topics here.
The state of emergency, declared last week by the Bulgarian Parliament, as part of the global effort to halt the spread of COVID-19, and the subsequent Order by the Bulgarian Minister of Health (Order № РД-01-124), created various consequences for private businesses. Among them is the recommendation to assure home-based work, wherever possible.
To help employers navigate the process, Mitko Karushkov and Mario Arabistanov put together some important aspects in terms of the remote use of corporate IT infrastructure. Check the full article on Капитал newspaper's website, as well as a brief summary here and don't hesitate to reach out to Mitko and Mario in case you have any questions or doubts.
The state of emergency, declared on Friday, 13 March 2020, as part of the global effort to stop the spread of COVID-19, provides for a list of measures such as enforcement of "home offices" where possible, restrictions on travel, public institutions, shops and restaurants, ban on public events.
The potential implications for businesses are wide-ranging. Check some of the labour, mobility and tax aspects worth considering here.